DI CAPO PASSERO
It is a 3,695 inhabitants town in the province of Syracuse in Sicily. It’s 58 kilometers away from Syracuse and it’s the most southern city of Sicily (below the parallel of Tunis).
Its territory includes Capo Passero Island, a few dozen meters from the mainland, and Currents Island is a few kilometers away. It is mainly an agricultural and maritime center and its economic fortunes depend on these activities. The village is bathed by two seas: the Ionian and the Mediterranean ones.
Once on the Ionian sea there was the small port where now there are the houses of the fishermen, although almost falling. Capo Passero Island in on the east side and there you can find the Spanish fortress topped by an imposing bronze statue of the Madonna.
A bit of history
The territory now comprising Portopalo was inhabited since ancient times. The village was named in various ways: first Cape Pachino, then Terra Noble and finally Porto Palo. Portopalo’s founder is Don Gaetano Deodato Moncada who was interested in it since 1778, and in 1792 he built a hundred houses around “tonnara“ at his own expense. The first town consisted of about 300 people, including farmers, herders and fishermen.
Until 1812, when the feudal system was abolished, Portopalo was the village suburb of Noto. Then it passed under the decurionato of Pachino, until in 1974 when it became an independent townthanks to Dr. Salvatore Gozzo, physician and politician. The autonomy of the country, which in the meantime had assumed the full name of Portopalo, was approved in the Regional Assembly.
In 1936, according to the census, it was inhabited by 1,710 people, arranged in small houses along Via Vittorio Emanuele, and seemed to be a quiet country village. Most of the houses were white and cracked from the sun and salt. In almost all of them there was a small space (‘u bagghiu) used as a stable, where it was also possible to grow a small vegetable garden.
A sandy beach thatreminds the typical landscapes of the African coastthanks to the presence of dunes and vegetation typically Mediterranean. An ideal place for all those who love windsurfing, and at dusk you can enjoy spectacular sunsets by the sea.
Covering an area of 10,000 mq is the southern tip of Sicily and Italy, connected by a small artificial arm of the mainland. With its crystal clear sea and wide beaches, the island has been included in the plan of the parks and nature reserves.
Set between the Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean, on the island you can see the anchors once used by tuna fishermen for slaughter. For fishing enthusiasts, at a depth of twenty meters, don’t miss the cave with the “Christ of the Abyss”, fell in 2001.